Missouri Resources

for African-American Research

Thanks to Traci Wilson-Kleekamp for this information!

Several Missouri County Coordinators & others have responded to thediscussion about African American research -- asking what kinds ofinformation to look for.

In particular -- if there is any information about the "slave community"or the ante-bellum community for any Missouri county.. this is veryimportant to researchers. This may give them some clues as to thebackdrop of the community, slave owners and lifestyle of that era andarea!

Another very cool search engine -- allows you to research collections at university libraries. For example I discovered that Duke University had 11 boxes of records on the TUTT family that migrated from VA toMissouri.. and settled in Callaway County first... not Cooper County as I first thought!

The most important resource an African American Researcher needs isslave schedules for the county they are researching. If anyone hastranscribed slave schedules, or would like to...please let me know. There are some online... but many more are needed. Free People of Colorhad to be registered.. you would only find these records at thecourthouse or on microfilm somewhere. Here's a link to my website forSlave Schedules and other resources:

To share this kind of information, white researchers must becomesomewhat sensitized to the plight and difficulty of those researchingenslaved ancestors. For the most part, besides being counted as chattelon tax, land deed and slave schedules, African Americans were notcounted as people until the 1870 census. Other records of interest wouldbe church records, which notes people of color being allowed ordispelled from the church etc., but they are not always given asurname. Sometimes they are noted by their first name and "as belongingto "X" slaveowner." Bottom line is that African American researchersare very dependent upon getting information from the slaveowningfamily's documentation.

On my site I have some resources for Marriage, census and cemetery data:

Here's an example of what Church Records can show:

And wills... this is where I found my great great grandfather'smother...Mary Ann... mentioned is her mother and siblings I believehttp://www.missouri-slave-data.org/jchism.jpg

Public Auction notices for slaves; can be found in probate records:

Many people in conducting research in their families run across slaverelated information. It is both painful, embarrassing and confusing allat once. It is my hope that when anyone runs across Missourislave-related data that they would post it to my website at: http://www.usgennet.org/usa/mo/topic/afro-amer/indexusg.html

If you scroll down to the middle there a links for just abouteverything. You could also help others by posting your slave relateddata on the Missouri list that you subscribe to... and you can alwaysforward it to me. Just know that I get many, many emails -- so it ismuch easier to post the information to the link noted above. If you want tomail, fax or email me scanned documents -- I'm game for that too. SinceMissouri was settled by Virginia, Kentucky and Louisiana people --[Tennessee too] if you have a Missouri family with ties to those state[or any other state -- where you can establish the genealogical ties]this is particularly helpful for the African American researcher whomust first know EVERYTHING they can about the white slave owning family.Why? Because we must trace slave ownership through marriages, death,relocation, rentals, property purchases, farm ledgers, lawsuits, andfamily letters, bibles etc., where slaves could be mentioned as a recordof ownership. It's pretty crazy.

I've included some links below that many of you may already know about..but to give you an idea of what African American researchers need.

Missouri State Archives

Roll-by-roll listing County Record on microfilm by county
http://mosl.sos.state.mo.us/rec-man/archives/resources/county/croll.htmlDescription of Records on Film

For African American Researchers; the items below are of interest. Ifyour family owned slaves; records purchase, sale, rent, mortgage, gift,lawsuits etc., could be found under the various listings related toprobate noted in the link above. Of particular interests are books andother resources which transcribe or are abstracts of Wills,Administrations and Probate. If anyone has a book with this type ofinformation, I would like to purchase or borrow it ASAP.

Also of interest in looking for enslaved ancestors are
Black Cemeteries
Black Marriages

Here are a couple of examples:
http://www.missouri-slave-data.org/franklincomar.htmWASHINGTON COUNTY BLACK MARRIAGES

Land Deed Records
Final Settlement and Inventory Records -- this shows the finaldisposition of the estate including who slaves in the family were soldand given to and for how much. Land Deed records are equallyimportant. Tax records will note how many slaves person owned.

I hope this helps clarify just a little bit of what it takes to researchenslaved peoples. For those of you managing Missouri county sites; Ithink the information above is a good outline of materials to try andcollect.

I also have a link for "look-up" volunteers. Please copy me oncorrespondence to "look-up" volunteers -- because I may also haveanother researcher to connect you with.

Thanks alot;

traci wilson-kleekamp
african americans in missouri

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